WHERE DOES FUKUSHIMA GO – Pacific and Atmosphere


By Marushka France

WHERE DOES FUKUSHIMA GO UPON ENTERING THE OCEAN?

September 25, 2013   [Last Update Feb 111,2014]
PREFACE
Radionuclides go everywhere. The first fallout did fall, first or highest to least amount  (both ocean and landfall):
Coast of North America into north Pacific, Bering Strait, Alaska, Canada, Pacific Northwest of USA
(Washington and Oregon), California and Baja California/Mexico, and then EASTward around the globe. Back sweep also hit Japan hard, of course, far east Asian continent (Russia, Korea)… Initial fallout at least ast far as 1,700 km from Fukushima. (as reported in enews). 

Pure Propaganda
As predicted, IAEA is about control of information – propaganda – and not transparency, not disclosure. IAEA is the pro-nuclear body for U.N., overrides anything and everything W.H.O. can say or do.
As an example, this recent ‘report’ (cough-cough) – this piece of propaganda issued by IAEA —  expects us  to believe  that NO contamination from Fukushima will reach NorthAmerica! Absolutely preposterous!
http://www-pub.iaea.org/MTCD/Meetings/PDFplus/2013/cn207/Presentations/1028-Aoyama.pdf

Not Valid for Tracking Radionuclides – NOAA tsunami map
A)   Often used, the NOAA TSUNAMI MAP IS NOT the same as radionuclides (aka radioistopes) making its way across the Pacific to other shores:
NOAA.org>> the initial Tsunami http://nctr.pmel.noaa.gov/honshu20110311/
One year later http://www.noaa.gov/features/03_protecting/japantsunami_oneyearlater.html
B) ‘Thumbs down’ on tracking plastics http://adrift.org.au/fukushima  This one also ignores the far north, Bering Sea, and we know that got hit.
C, Certainly we do want to track the debris from Japan, it could be a mammoth problem, not sure how much radioactivirty might be involved:  Washington blog article includes Japanese debris distribution of U of Hawaii  –  I would NOT assume debris of various sizes, weight, dimensions and type to behave the same as radioisotopes.   Nor do we know if they got hit with radionuclide contamination.  Plastics tracked across Pacific, again, not the same as radioisotopes, cannot expect the same behavior of unlike material.
http://www.washingtonsblog.com/2013/08/west-coast-of-north-america-to-be-hit-hard-by-fukushima-radiation.html

11.11.2013 SYNOPSIS
There is a difference between radionuclides spreading across the Pacific and debris from the tsunami… How it travels, variable depths…  Briefly:  radionuclides’ fallout on to land and rivers and (both) travels to the ocean, radionuclides tend to coalesce and float together (referred to as pools, clouds or streams);  settle in at about 1-100 meters depth, travel along ocean currents (varies by weight).
In the ocean, uranium buckyballs flew across the ocean’s surface in days after 311;  radionuclides also biomagnify up the food chain; can be estimated by the degree of plankton uptake; concentrates in seawater, sea spray and is especially troublesome along coastlines – the entire Pacific rim.
Radionuclides also find their way back into the ATMOSPHERE  via the natural water (hydrolic) cycle.  Radionuclides traveling up with evaporation process is called ‘resuspension,’  thus finding its way to be redistributed on land wherever rain falls.  The life-giving micronutrients from the ocean – the source of life and 50-85% of the oxygen in our world, is thus transformed into genomic instability, every possible breakdown of systems that sustain all life… e.g.  death.  Call it ecocide or omnicide, the more we pollute our environment, the more we pollute ourselves.  The global growth of chronic disease is in step with the spread of man-made radioisotopes and man-made chemicals…. it destroys the ‘stuff of life’ as we know it. 

WHERE DOES FUKUSHIMA GO UPON ENTERING THE OCEAN?
Tracking Radionuclides aka Radioisotopes
‘Plume’ is being used to address both Atmospheric (NOAA) and sometimes ‘into the ocean’ dispersal as well. Important to notice the distinction and be clear which one we mean when we post or write about Fukushima. Likewise, ‘cloud’ is being used to describe the coalescing of radioisotopes in pools that float and move together. Another study calls it ‘rivers’ or ‘streams’.  Be very clear in disseminating information.

1. The first detection, of course, “TheComprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT) is meant to deter nuclear explosions by everyone, everywhere: on the Earth’s surface, in the atmosphere, underwater and underground.   (All nukes have their own chemical ‘signature as well.)http://www.ctbto.org/verification-regime/the-11-march-japan-disaster/

2. Buckyballs Uranium UC Davis Study
http://www.enviroreporter.com/investigations/fukushima/a-radioactive-nightmare/
(this site mistakenly used tsunami map to represent the spread of radioisotopes across the Pacific)
http://www.pnas.org/content/109/6/1874.abstract?sid=ae203ffc-1b97-4e17-b87f-6114a5936f2
0riginal paper: Uranyl peroxide enhanced nuclear fuel corrosion in seawater

3. Multi-decadal projections of surface and interior pathways of the Fukushima Cesium-137 radioactive plume 
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S096706371300112X

4. [German] Model simulations on the long-term dispersal of 137Cs released into the Pacific Ocean off Fukushima
http://iopscience.iop.org/1748-9326/7/3/034004/article and with soundt he limitations of the study are well spelled out, read the whole thing, watch their video, it is very informative.
http://brightcove.vo.llnwd.net/e1/uds/pd/105920850001/105920850001_1727324228001_abstract-video-4257289161e45e1f86c5b5c2f0b6128f-converted.mp4

5. Various agencies have done plume modeling estimates. These take weather conditions and releases and estimate where the radioactive releases went or will go.
http://www.fukuleaks.org/web/?page_id=9971

6. NOAA and Navy dispersion model “”Science On a Sphere” 
http://www.sos.noaa.gov/Datasets/dataset.php?id=332
The Hybrid Single-Particle Lagrangian Integrated Trajectory (HYSPLIT) model Same model used
http://www.fukuleaks.org/web/?page_id=9971

7. The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) collaborated with the National Atmospheric Deposition
Program in an effort to monitor North American precipitation samples for the presence of nuclear fallout in response to the Japan Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Station incident that occurred on March 11, 2011.
http://nadp.sws.uiuc.edu/fukushima/

8. Radionuclides (aka radioisotopes) like Strontium will collect in ‘rivers’ or ‘streams’ of
contamination…  (SEE ALSO #10b and #11) will not ‘dilute’… Evidence of bioaccumulation in species, biomagnification- denser concentrations in the Pacific, as well as remaining in collective rivers and streams of its own making are derived from decades-long research  chemical changes interacting with the salt…  all speak to multiple, deadlier pathways
http://fukushima-diary.com/2012/05/strontium-90-spread-over-1000km-evenly-in-pacific-ocean/inthis article of yours:>>>>>
1. Strontium 90 exists ~ 17-62 % cesium 134/137; Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science & Technology assumed it would be 0.1 %.
2. Strontium90 evenly spreads from 170km offshore Chiba to 1000km southeast to Japan. spreads from 1m to 100m deep in the sea as well.

9. Cesium, iodine and tritium in NW Pacific waters
A comparison of the Fukushima impact with global fallout
http://www.biogeosciences.net/10/5481/2013/bg-10-5481-2013.html

10. Concentration & RESUSPENSION of Radionuclides from ocean back into atmosphere brings the fallout inland – AGAIN – and contaminates through rainfall & snowfall…

10a  In the ocean, radionuclides become concentrated Marine plankton as an indicator of low-level radionuclide contamination in the Southern Ocean
[SciTech Connect] by Marsh, K.V.; Buddemeier, R.W. 1984
in the ocean STRATIFIED about 100m ~> into the atmosphere ~> into the rainfall everywhere…
globally(from the era of atomic bomb tests in the Pacific)   [added 11.11.2013]
 http://www.osti.gov/bridge/servlets/purl/6802363-hfGOhq/6802363.pdf
”On May 16, 1958, the Wahoo event was detonated underwater two miles south-west of Enewetak.
Plankton sampling was begun as soon as possible, and at H + 6 hours the major part of the total
radioactivity was found in the top 25 m and about one-eighth at the thermocline, 110 m. By H + 28 hoursthe activity was distributed through the upper half of the mixed layer to about 50 m, but by H +• 48 hours it was concentrated at 100 m, the upper edge of the thermocline. At no time was the activity uniformly mixed; it was always stratified”
[The thermocline is the transition layer between the mixed layer at the surface and the deep water
layer. The definitions of these layers are based on temperature.]

10b Through the water cycle
“National Weather Service; Jetstream-Online school for Weather; The Hydrologic Cycle” [water cycle] and returns inland in rainfall
http://www.srh.weather.gov/jetstream/atmos/hydro.htm
Some Radionuclides undergoes ‘RESUSPENSION‘
“The ocean is known to be a major source of atmospheric particulate [ matter]. There is considerable,evidence, however, that the chemical composition of the particles in the marine aerosol is often considerably different from that of seawater. Barker and Zeitlin found enrichment factors for transition metals in the aerosol approaching and exceeding three and four orders of magnitude relative to sodium. Cattell and Scott suggest that a biogenic agent may be responsible for the approximately 20,000-fold enrichment of copper during aerosol production in the ocean.The whole question of fractionation at the sea surface was the subject of a 1976 review article.^’
It seems possible, even likely, that the correlation we observe between radionuclides in plankton
and in the air samples is due, at least in part, to resuspension.”
Because of the ocean spray being concentrated, as well as fog, and the presence of uranium
buckyballs specific to Fukushima, (at least) and the higher likelihood of fish consumption in
coastal areas (internal contamination) — coastal areas might experience a higher likelihood of
internal, radionuclide contamination.  [added 11.11.2013]
{this is also why Dr. Busby estimates coastal areas being more likely to have higher rates of cancer…   both resuspension and higher likelihood of fish consumption…  see his work relative to Sellafield, UK} 

11. Further understanding of the damage of the atomic age on our environment, and climate
change
11a Dr. Rosalie Bertell talks about the5 layers of atmosphere and the “Five Rivers or
Vapours” upon which the flow of air and water – sustains us all.
This entry is solely to support the ‘rivers’ and ‘streams’ metaphor as very real, not discovered until mid-Century [and a part was quickly destroyed by an atomic bomb]   and how fast esp jetstream moves, hownthe planet has its own highways, byways, ….  circuitous routes –  types and pathways — in the atmosphere and in the oceans and seas. 
Rosalie Bertell – Space Weapons of War – part 1 of 4 – PLANET EARTH
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qaSkCZ_Dcg0

11b blog by Jan Hemmer  [update 11.11.2013]
“Nuclear Industry kills Ozone Layer and stops Oxygen production in Oceans”
July 21, 2013 by Mikkai
http://tekknorg.wordpress.com/2013/07/21/nuclear-industry-kills-ozone-layer-and-stops-oxygen-production-in-oceans/

Source : Marushka France

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