Category Archives: atomic

Radioactive Baby Teeth The Cancer Link — A review


In the 50’s and 60’s there was a campaign to collect baby teeth from people around the St. Louis area driven by local doctors, scientists and teachers:

“The idea for the study was hatched in the mid-1950s during the build up of the Cold War. By then, the U.S. and Soviet Union had tested hundreds of nuclear weapons. Prevailing winds carried the radioactive debris from the U.S. tests, many of which were conducted in the desert regions of the West, to St. Louis and farther east.” [stl today article]

Using Grant Money these scientists decided to do the science:

“Funded by the U.S. Public Health Service and Leukemia Society of Missouri and Illinois, it entailed volunteers visiting schools, churches and PTA meetings, churches, libraries and dental clinics distributing registration forms. Parents mailed in their children’s baby teeth and information cards with names, addresses, birthdates and other information.” [stl today article]

The St. Louis study collected baby teeth from locals in the St. Louis area. Based on the results of sampling those teeth authorities and some of the general public realized that strontium, cesium and other contaminates were falling from the sky and getting into our food supply. People were drinking contaminated milk. What the study found was frightening:

“The study found that children born in St. Louis at the height of the Cold War in 1963 had 50 times as much strontium 90, a radioactive isotope found in bomb fallout and at nuclear reactors, in their teeth as children born in 1950 — before most of the atomic tests. Results ultimately contributed to the signing of an international treaty to ban atmospheric nuclear weapons testing.” [stl today article]

The concern that contributed to the Nuclear Test Ban Treaty should have led to efforts to end the use of nuclear energy worldwide. What the study showed was frightening,…

but the news was contained. The teeth had been sampled, but many remained in boxes. They wound up in a storage room. To be rediscovered later.

“85,000 baby teeth in shoeboxes in an ammunition bunker at Washington University’s Tyson Research Center. The teeth, packaged in small envelopes, were among those collected in the 1950s and ’60s but never analyzed for radioactive strontium.”

This has led to a follow up, epidemiological study found even more frightening data about the results of exposure to radiation.

“They were given to the Radiation and Public Health Project, which set out to advance the findings of the original study by looking at health effects on people who had elevated strontium 90 levels in their teeth as children.” [stl today article]

What they found was a correlation between baby tooth radiation levels and later cancers and mortality.

“In 2010, Mangano and Janette Sherman published a study in the International Journal of Health Services. It concluded men who grew up in the St. Louis area in the early 1960s and died of cancer by middle age had more than twice as much strontium 90 in their baby teeth as men born in the same time and area who were still living.”

Dealing with objections to the study

Of course people working in the nuclear industry jumped to defend themselves. When mainstream media published this story they usually interview Nuclear Power spokespersons who will say things like the study “confuses correlation with causation.” But we already have evidence that radioactive substances cause mutations. That mutations cause cancers. We have that from the lab. Simple deduction shows that If a person is exposed to radiation (even small amounts) there will be mutations. Given there are mutations there will be cancers.

Correlation establishes Evidence of Causation

The next objection is that a healthy immune system will deal with most mutated cells and incipient cancers. The body normally uses Killer T Cells to “order” the mutated cells to self destruct. It takes an accumulation of mutations and specific cancer generating processes for cancer to develop. So merely being exposed to cancer causing substances doesn’t mean that a particular mutagen caused a particular cancer. But laboratory evidence also shows that radiation impacts the immune system too. In severely radiated people they don’t die directly from radiation in some cases but from leukemias, cancers and Radiation induced Acquired Immune Deficiency (AIDS). So again the causation can be deduced from laboratory evidence and simple logic.

Now whether these effects are non-linear or linear is a matter for argument. I personally believe that the numbers will suggest non-linearity (Chaotic rather than purely random or simply determined). Non linearity suggests that there are probably thresholds beyond which odds start rising exponentially, but also suggests that normal curves don’t apply and that risk never falls to zero. In any case most of the arguments you hear from the officials are deceptive, simplistic and deliberately misleading. So I don’t believe the authors really believe what they are saying themselves. And the results of the Survey described in the book “Radioactive Baby Teeth Cancer Link” support that theory.

Therefore in this case correlation verifies causation.

Most of these scientists and technicians base their arguments on the notion that there is a threshold below which mutagen exposure is harmless. This is based on a much criticized study from the 1950’s, but it still gets cited. Anyway, the book “Radioactive Baby Teeth the Cancer Link” goes into detail on this:

Book At Amazon:
Radioactive Baby Teeth, Book
[http://smile.amazon.com/Radioactive-Baby-Teeth-Cancer-Link/dp/0615168752/ref=smi_ge_rl_btns3_setch?_encoding=UTF8&%3Fie=UTF8&keywords=radioactive%2520baby%2520teeth&peasin=615168752&pebp=1422222015426&qid=1422222017&sr=8-1&pldnNew=1]
Further reading:
http://www.stltoday.com/lifestyles/health-med-fit/health/decades-later-baby-tooth-survey-legacy-lives-on/article_c5ad9492-fd75-5aed-897f-850fbdba24ee.html
Example of arguments on the “linear no threshold” argument.
http://nuclearradiophobia.blogspot.com/p/linear-no-threshold-model-lnt-is.html

And Japan’s nuclear ‘black comedy’ goes on! ‘ICEWALL’ TOMFOOLERY WINS 2020 OLYMPICS BID FOR TOKYO . . .


[snip]

 

article_image

“If I ever go to Japan, I’m sure the pilot willbe ale to find it, so why do I have to know where it is?”


by Selvam Canagaratna


“We are ignorant of the Beyond because this ignorance is the condition sine qua non of our own life. Just as ice cannot know fire except by melting, by vanishing.”


– Jules Bernard, Journal (1890).


On September 3, 2013, Japan’s Prime Minister Shinzo Abe pledged to overcome the Fukushima nuclear disaster. “The world is watching,” he said, “if we can properly handle the contaminated water but also the entire decommissioning of the plant.”


He didn’t spell out that the ‘contamination’ he was referring to was deadly radiation that had been spewing globally – both into the atmosphere as well as the sea – from the stricken nuclear facility for 30 months!


Premier Abe is clearly a modern-day Rip van Winkle, taking only an 8-month cat-nap before waking up to face reality. The Fukushima disaster occurred on March 11, 2011. Abe assumed the Premiership only on December 26, 2012, by when he was a seasoned politician, having been in politics since 1993. [Merely following the rule-of-thumb for survival in the political jungle: never try to be too clever and pull out others’ political chestnuts out of the fire.]


Investigative journalist Jake Adelstein, writing in the Japan Times on August 31, quoted King Solomon’s words spoken around 3,000 years ago – “What has been will be again,/ what has been done will be done again;/ there is nothing new under the sun.” – Ecclesiastes 1:9 – and ventured to suggest that, perhaps, they “were an augury of Japan’s nuclear industry”, adding, “I’m sure somewhere there’s an original text that reads, ‘In the Land of the Melting Sun’.”


Adelstein’s point was the occurrence in Japan of a repetitive pattern of action, or rather inaction: “An accident occurs in Japan’s nuclear industry; those in charge fail to deal with it well; people suffer; those in charge lie to the public; finally they admit it and apologize profusely. Then the cycle is repeated.”


In the northeastern Tohoku region of Honshu, where the Fukushima plant is located, more than 100,000 people have been forced to evacuate due to high radiation levels, and the cleanup will likely take at least 40 years, before they can return to their homes. [For most of the evacuees that’s as good as never!]


The Tokyo Electric Power Company (TEPCO), in charge of the Fukushima nuclear plant, at first blamed the accident on “an unforeseen massive tsunami” triggered by an earthquake, then admitted it had in fact foreseen just such a scenario but hadn’t done anything about it.


The explosions and meltdowns of three reactors at TEPCO’s Fukushima facility in March 2011, led to massive leaks of radiation, and represented the world’s worst nuclear disaster since a reactor exploded at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant in the USSR (present-day Ukraine) in April 1986.


A Special Japanese Diet Commission reporting in July 2012, and other studies, concluded that the earthquake alone probably damaged the cooling system of the Fukushima plant’s 40-year-old Reactor 1 so badly that, even before the tsunami, meltdown was inevitable because it would overheat so much.


In other words, wrote Adelstein, some [or most] of Japan’s nuclear power plants may be unable to withstand earthquakes. “Not a comforting thought in a country that has constant seismic activity,” he noted.


But, of course, ‘nuclear meltdown’ itself had been forcefully denied for months. Even up to May 2011 – two months after the disaster – while the foreign media had long labeled the Fukushima disaster “a triple meltdown,” TEPCO, and the Japanese government, stonewalled, insisting that meltdown had not been confirmed.


Then finally, just a week before members of an International Atomic Energy Agency investigation team were to arrive in Japan, the government and TEPCO admitted the facts – with the usual ritual apologies.
[end snip]
FULL ARTICLE

Radiation levels near Japan’s damaged Fukushima reactor hit two-year high


[snip]

TOKYO (Reuters) – Radiation levels in seawater just outside one of the damaged Fukushima reactors spiked this week to the highest level in two years, the operator of the crippled Japanese nuclear plant said on Thursday.


Radiation levels on Wednesday, the day six workers were exposed to highly radioactive water, jumped 13 times the previous day’s reading, the highest levels since late 2011.

A massive quake and tsunami hit the power station, operated by Tokyo Electric Power Co, also known as Tepco, in March 2011, causing three reactor meltdowns and hydrogen explosions.

Tepco, which is pouring hundreds of tonnes of water to keep reactors cool, has struggled to contain the build up of radioactive water at the plant.

In the latest incident, a worker on Wednesday mistakenly detached a pipe connected to a treatment system, releasing seven tonnes of highly radioactive water.

The accidents at the Fukushima Daiichi plant, 220 km (130 miles) north of Tokyo, are adding to the crisis and stirring doubt over Tepco’s abilities to carry out a complex cleanup widely expected to take decades.

Tepco said combined Cesium-134 and Cesium-137 readings just outside the damaged No. 2 reactor spiked to 1,200 becquerels per liter on Wednesday, more than 13 times the level on Tuesday.
[end snip]
FULL STORY
http://my.chicagotribune.com/#section/-1/article/p2p-77739909/

Yoshinoya to grow rice and vegetables in Fukushima


[snip]

TOKYO —

Major Japanese “gyudon” (beef bowl) chain Yoshinoya said Tuesday it would grow rice and vegetables in Fukushima Prefecture.
Operator Yoshinoya Holdings said it had set up a joint venture with local farmers—called Yoshinoya Farm Fukushima—to grow rice, onions and cabbages in a 4.3-hectare field in Shirakawa, 80 kilometers from the crippled Fukushima Daiichi nuclear plant.
It will also build a facility to process vegetables for use in Yoshinoya restaurants across the nation, the firm said, adding strict radiation screening measures will be put in place.
[end snip]

Scientists dismiss claims that radiation in Japan is contained


[snip]

TEPCO’S radiation claims called ‘silly’


By Jonathan Tirone, Bloomberg News
Published: October 7, 2013, 12:48 PM
This aerial photo shows the storage tank, fifth from left at left plot, which workers detected the water dripping from the top, at the Fukushima Dai-ichi nuclear plant at Okuma town in Fukushima prefecture, northeastern Japan Thursday, Oct. 3, 2013. Japan’s crippled nuclear plant has a new leak of highly radioactive water entering the Pacific Ocean after a storage tank overflowed. (AP Photo/Kyodo News) JAPAN OUT, MANDATORY CREDIT
VIENNA — Tokyo Electric Power Co.’s claim that radioactive water leaking into the sea from the wrecked Fukushima nuclear plant is confined to the coast doesn’t make scientific sense, according to a U.S. researcher who surveyed waters off the site last month.
Japan’s government has supported the utility’s statement that the irradiated groundwater flowing into the Pacific Ocean at a rate of some 400 tons a day remains in an area of 0.3 square kilometers (0.12 square miles) within the bay fronting the atomic station.
“These statements like a 0.3 square-kilometer zone are silly,” Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution senior scientist Ken Buesseler said in an interview. “It’s not true to the science,” said Buesseler, who was on a Japanese research vessel 1 kilometer (0.6 miles) off Fukushima from Sept. 8 to Sept. 14.
The growing stockpile of radioactive water stored in tanks at the plant and leaks from the tanks into the sea is an increasing threat to ocean ecosystems, said Buesseler, who holds a joint Ph.D in marine chemistry from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole. Founded in 1930, Woods Hole is the world’s largest private non-profit oceanographic research institution, according to its website.
The Fukushima atomic station has more than 1,000 tanks holding more than 380,000 tons of water irradiated from contact with melted reactor fuel. Three hundred tanks are of a bolted variety, at least one of which leaked about 300 tons of water. Additional contaminated groundwater has been seeping into the Pacific Ocean and one of the tanks overflowed last week.
Each tank contains about 10 terabequerels, or 270 curies, of strontium-90, a radioactive element linked to leukemia that can enter the food chain by depositing into the bones of fish, Buesseler said. That is 100 times the amount of radioactivity dumped by Russia into the Sea of Japan in a 1993 incident that prompted international rules against ocean disposal.

(10 Staff were splashed with this the other day alone)
“If only 10 of those tanks leaked it would equal all the strontium released in 2011” after the earthquake and tsunami, Buesseler said. “Once strontium gets into fish, it stays in them for months and years and it’s going to be an additional reason why they won’t be able to open up their fisheries.”
[end snip]
FULL ARTICLE

DR. HELEN CALDICOTT archived on the Green Power & Wellness Show about radiation & health:


 Green Power And Wellness – 10/07/13

The truly great DR. HELEN CALDICOTT explains the killing power of radiation and the horrific  dangers we face from the fallout at Fukushima, Chernobyl, Three Mile Island and your local nuclear plant.  Speaking to us from Australia, Dr. Caldicott points out that radiation levels soared in Seattle after the Fukushima disaster, and that the health of 80% of the children downwind from Chernobyl has been compromised.  Do not miss this critical discussion of what we all now face from the fallout of atomic energy, “peaceful” and otherwise.

http://prn.fm/2013/10/green-power-wellness-100713/

Tepco’s Claim Radiation Leaks Confined to Coast Called ‘Silly’


[snip]
Mainstream on Fukushima

 Tokyo Electric Power Co.’s (9501) claim that radioactive water leaking into the sea from the wrecked Fukushima nuclear plant is confined to the coast doesn’t make scientific sense, according to a U.S. researcher who surveyed waters off the site last month.


6 October, 2013
Japan’s government has supported the utility’s statement that the irradiated groundwater flowing into the Pacific Ocean at a rate of some 400 tons a day remains in an area of 0.3 square kilometers (0.12 square miles) within the bay fronting the atomic station.
These statements like a 0.3 square-kilometer zone are silly,” Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution senior scientist Ken Buesseler said in an interview. “It’s not true to the science,” said Buesseler, who was on a Japanese research vessel 1 kilometer (0.6 miles) off Fukushima from Sept. 8 to Sept. 14.
The growing stockpile of radioactive water stored in tanks at the plant and leaks from the tanks into the sea is an increasing threat to ocean ecosystems, said Buesseler, who holds a joint Ph.D in marine chemistry from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole. Founded in 1930, Woods Hole is the world’s largest private non-profit oceanographic research institution, according to its website.

The Fukushima atomic station has more than 1,000 tanks holding more than 380,000 tons of water irradiated from contact with melted reactor fuel. Three hundred tanks are of a bolted variety, at least one of which leaked about 300 tons of water. Additional contaminated groundwater has been seeping into the Pacific Ocean and one of the tanks overflowed last week.


International Rules



Each tank contains about 10 terabequerels, or 270 curies, of strontium-90, a radioactive element linked to leukemia that can enter the food chain by depositing into the bones of fish, Buesseler said. That is 100 times the amount of radioactivity dumped by Russia into the Sea of Japan in a 1993 incident that prompted international rules against ocean disposal.

If only 10 of those tanks leaked it would equal all the strontium released in 2011” after the earthquake and tsunami, Buesseler said. “Once strontium gets into fish, it stays in them for months and years and it’s going to be an additional reason why they won’t be able to open up their fisheries.”

One hundred kilometers away I can measure isotopes of cesium that are coming from the reactor” in Fukushima, Buesseler said. “They’re not at dangerous levels. The scientific question is are they at levels high enough to accumulate in the food chain and a cause for some of the fish to be above the legal limit.”

[end snip]

READ FULL ARTICLE

Check out those leak trenches to the ocean……………..

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